SATT 007 – Oliver Wolcott Jr



Tenure of Office: February 3, 1795 – December 31, 1800

Oliver Wolcott, Jr had big shoes to fill when he assumed office as the second Secretary of the Treasury. With my special guests, Lucy and Michelle from Tudoriferous, we explore his life and career to determine whether this member of the Washington and Adams administrations was truly up to the task of running the largest Cabinet department in the early republic.

Featured Image: “Oliver Wolcott Jr” by Gilbert Stuart [c. 1820], courtesy of Wikipedia


4.01 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Shawn from the American History Podcast for providing the intro quote and for Christian at Your Podcast Pal for his audio editing services for this episode!

The transcript for this episode can be found at this link.

  • Chambers, Douglas B. Murder at Montpelier: Igbo Africans in Virginia. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2005.
  • Feldman, Noah. The Three Lives of James Madison: Genius, Partisan, President. New York: Random House, 2017.
  • Gutzman, Kevin R C. James Madison and the Making of America. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2012.
  • Ketcham, Ralph. James Madison: A Biography. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1994 [1971].
  • Madison, James. “Commonplace Book, 1759–1772,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/01-01-02-0002. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, vol. 1, 16 March 1751 – 16 December 1779, ed. William T. Hutchinson and William M. E. Rachal. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1962, pp. 4–32.] [Last Accessed: 21 Dec 2021]
  • Madison, James. “To Reverend Thomas Martin, 10 August 1769,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/01-01-02-0004. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, vol. 1, 16 March 1751 – 16 December 1779, ed. William T. Hutchinson and William M. E. Rachal. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1962, pp. 42–44.] [Last Accessed: 9 Dec 2021]
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the Virginian: Jefferson and His Time, Volume One. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1948.
  • Signer, Michael. Becoming Madison: The Extraordinary Origins of the Least Likely Founding Father. New York: PublicAffairs, 2015.
  • Stewart, David O. Madison’s Gift: Five Partnerships That Built America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2016 [2015].

Featured Image: “Nassau Hall at Princeton University” [c. 1760], courtesy of Wikipedia


4.01 – Madison Pre-Presidency Part One



Year(s) Discussed: 1653-1785

As part of a family that had been on a steady rise in society since its earliest days in the Virginia colony, James Madison, Jr. was expected to do great things from the time of his birth, but his family could scarcely have imagined the heights to which he would rise. After an accelerated collegiate career and a few initial stumbles as a young man, Madison gradually worked his way into becoming a force in state and national politics. However, as someone not content with ignoring issues in the status quo, Madison would soon find his calling as a champion for innovation. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Image: “James Madison, Class of 1771” by James Sharples [c. pre-1811], courtesy of Wikipedia

Intro and Outro Music: Selections from “Jefferson and Liberty” as performed by The Itinerant Band


SATT 006 – Timothy Pickering



Tenure of Office: January 2, 1795 – December 10, 1795 (as Secretary of War); December 10, 1795 – May 12, 1800 (as Secretary of State)

Timothy Pickering’s tenure in the Washington and Adams administrations is arguably one of the most notorious in the early republic. Thus, I had to call on Eric and Matt from the Ranking ’76: The American West podcast to join me in exploring the life of this infamous historical figure and determine what sort of a legacy he left behind.

Featured Image: “Timothy Pickering” by Charles Willson Peale [c. 1792/1793], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.41 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Alex Van Rose for his audio editing work on this episode!

  • “Caractacus.” Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello. https://www.monticello.org/site/research-and-collections/caractacus. [Last Accessed: 22 Jan 2022]
  • “Dogs.” Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello. https://www.monticello.org/site/research-and-collections/dogs. [Last Accessed: 22 Jan 2022]
  • Dunbar, Erica Armstrong. Never Caught: The Washingtons’ Relentless Pursuit of Their Runaway Slave, Ona Judge. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2017.
  • Furstenberg, Francois. In the Name of the Father: Washington’s Legacy, Slavery, and the Making of a Nation. New York: The Penguin Press, 2006.
  • Gordon-Reed, Annette. The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family. New York and London: W W Norton & Co, 2008.
  • “Mockingbirds.” Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello. https://www.monticello.org/site/research-and-collections/mockingbirds. [Last Accessed: 22 Jan 2022]
  • Rutland, Robert Allen. The Presidency of James Madison. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1990.
  • Taylor, Alan. American Republics: A Continental History of the United States, 1783-1850. New York: W W Norton & Co, 2021.
  • “Washington’s Changing Views on Slavery.” George Washington’s Mount Vernon. https://www.mountvernon.org/george-washington/slavery/washingtons-changing-views-on-slavery/. [Last Accessed: 22 Jan 2022]
  • Wiencek, Henry. An Imperfect God: George Washington, His Slaves, and the Creation of America. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2003.
  • Wiencek, Henry. Master of the Mountain: Thomas Jefferson and His Slaves. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2012.

Featured Image: “Thomas Jefferson, a philosopher, a patriote [sic], and a friend,” c. 1800-1816, courtesy of Wikipedia


3.41 – Jefferson Q&A



You asked, and I answered! As we wrap up our series on Thomas Jefferson’s presidency, listeners submitted questions ranging from Franco-American relations during Jefferson’s tenure to what pets he kept to how would I go about explaining Jefferson’s complex legacy to him. Listen in as I answer your final questions about the man from Monticello and his impact on American history. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Image: “Thomas Jefferson Memorial,” taken by Djonesmhc on 24 May 2012 and shared on Wikipedia

Intro and Outro Music: Selections from “Jefferson and Liberty” as performed by The Itinerant Band


3.40 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Kenny Ryan from the [Abridged] Presidential Histories podcast for providing the intro quote for this episode and to Alex Van Rose for his audio editing work!

  • Adams, John. “To Thomas Jefferson, 1 January 1812,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Adams/99-02-02-5735. [Last Accessed: 23 Nov 2021]
  • Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1999 [1971].
  • Betts, Edwin Morris, and James Adam Bear, Jr. The Family Letters of Thomas Jefferson. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia. 1995 [1966].
  • Crawford, Alan Pell. Twilight at Monticello: The Final Years of Thomas Jefferson. New York: Random House, 2008.
  • Gaines, William H, Jr. Thomas Mann Randolph: Jefferson’s Son-in-Law. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.
  • Gordon-Reed, Annette. The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family. New York and London: W W Norton & Co, 2008.
  • Historical Currency Converter (test version 1.0). http://www.historicalstatistics.org/Currencyconverter.html. [Last Accessed: 28 Nov 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To John Wayles Eppes, 24 June 1813,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/03-06-02-0200. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Retirement Series, vol. 6, 11 March to 27 November 1813, ed. J. Jefferson Looney. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009, pp. 220–226.] [Last Accessed: 22 Nov 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Samuel H. Smith, 21 September 1814,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/03-07-02-0484-0003. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Retirement Series, vol. 7, 28 November 1813 to 30 September 1814, ed. J. Jefferson Looney. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010, pp. 681–684.] [Last Accessed: 24 Nov 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To John Adams, 1 August 1816,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/03-10-02-0173. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Retirement Series, vol. 10, May 1816 to 18 January 1817, ed. J. Jefferson Looney. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 284–286.] [Last Accessed: 16 Nov 2021]
  • Ketcham, Ralph. James Madison: A Biography. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1994 [1971].
  • Kierner, Cynthia A. Martha Jefferson Randolph, Daughter of Monticello: Her Life and Times. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2012.
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Malone, Dumas. The Sage of Monticello: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Six. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1981.
  • McCullough, David. John Adams. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001.
  • “Nicholas, Wilson Cary, 1761-1820.” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. https://bioguide.congress.gov/search/bio/N000086. [Last Accessed: 27 Nov 2021]
  • Nicholas, Wilson Cary. “To Thomas Jefferson, 5 August 1819,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/03-14-02-0551. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Retirement Series, vol. 14, 1 February to 31 August 1819, ed. J. Jefferson Looney. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2017, pp. 586–588.]
  • Rush, Benjamin. “To John Adams, 17 October 1809,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Adams/99-02-02-5450. [Last Accessed: 23 Nov 2021]
  • Sloan, Herbert E. Principle & Interest: Thomas Jefferson and the Problem of Debt. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 2001 [1995].
  • Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello. “John Wayles Eppes.” https://www.monticello.org/site/research-and-collections/john-wayles-eppes. [Last Accessed: 22 Nov 2021]

Featured Image: “Thomas Jefferson’s design of the Rotunda” [c. 1818-1819], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.40 – Jefferson Post-Presidency



Year(s) Discussed: 1809-1826

After leaving the presidency, Thomas Jefferson found himself kept quite busy with both public business and personal matters. While striving to be a doting grandfather and fretting over his family’s life struggles, the former president worked in vain to escape the vicious cycle of debt in which he had become trapped. Meanwhile, he used his retirement to take on the task of improving public education in Virginia which inevitably landed him in the middle of political struggles once more. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Image: “Thomas Jefferson” by Thomas Sully [c. 1821], courtesy of Wikipedia

Intro and Outro Music: Selections from “Jefferson and Liberty” as performed by The Itinerant Band


A Day in Athens, GA



The Presidencies crew spent the day in Athens, GA while on the way back home and took a tour of some of the historical sites in the city.

 

In front of the Athens city hall is a unique artillery invention failure – the world’s one and only double-barrelled cannon. Though developed for use in the Civil War, it proved to be an inaccurate shot in testing and was never used in battle.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Naturally, we had to visit the University of Georgia while in Athens. The University is one of the oldest public universities in the US.

Old College, constructed in 1806, is the oldest building on the UGA campus as well as the oldest existing building in Athens. Since they didn’t know at the time which way the college would grow, the front and back of the building were constructed to look the same so that either could be the ‘front’.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abraham Baldwin, in addition to being a US Senator, a US Representative, and a signer of the US Constitution, was also the first president of UGA.

The UGA chapel was constructed in 1832 and was a center of campus activities when there was a daily required religious service.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Likewise, Demosthenian Hall, the fourth oldest building at UGA, became a focal point of student life when it was constructed in 1824.

The Holmes-Hunter Building, constructed in 1901, commemorates the first two Black students at UGA – Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes. Hunter and Holmes first registered for classes in this building in January 1961.

The city’s history doesn’t end at the campus borders, though. This apartment building was at one point the home of Dean Rusk, Secretary of State under Kennedy and Johnson, as well as William McFeely, who wrote a Pulitzer Prize-winning biography of Ulysses Grant.

Going a bit further back in time, the Taylor-Grady House, constructed in 1844, was originally intended to just be a summer residence. The 13 columns around the home are set to represent the original 13 states of the Union.

The University of Georgia President’s House, constructed in 1856, was the home of Benjamin Hill, a US Senator and US Representative, before the University took over the property in 1949.

The TRR Cobb House was constructed in 1834 and was the home of Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, a slave owner and secessionist killed in the Battle of Fredericksburg. The home itself was moved from Athens to Stone Mountain Park then, nearly twenty years later, was returned to Athens.

The Cobb-Bucknell-Leathers House, constructed in 1849, was the home of Howell Cobb, Governor of Georgia, Speaker of the US House of Representatives, and Treasury Secretary under James Buchanan. Cobb rebelled against the government that he had served during the Civil War and was arrested at the end of the war.


3.39 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Leah and Rachel of Hashtag History, Will of American History Geek, and Alex for providing the intro quotes for this episode! Thanks also to Alex Van Rose for his audio editing work!

  • Adams, John. “To John Quincy Adams, 8 January 1808,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Adams/99-03-02-1629. [Last Accessed: 8 Nov 2021]
  • Allgor, Catherine. A Perfect Union: Dolley Madison and the Creation of the American Nation. New York: Henry Holt & Co, 2006.
  • Anonymous [Nestor]. “An Address to the People of the American States who choose Electors … [Signed, Nestor]. To which is added, a short sketch of the biography of Gen. G. Clinton, and several essays which have appeared in the Washington Expositor and other papers, etc.” Washington, DC: April 1808. https://books.google.com/books?id=uho43PQD4OUC&source=gbs_navlinks_s. [Last Accessed: 19 Oct 2021]
  • Armstrong, John, Jr. “To James Madison, 15 February 1808,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/99-01-02-2703. [Last Accessed: 8 Nov 2021]
  • Armstrong, Thom M. Politics, Diplomacy and Intrigue in the Early Republic: The Cabinet Career of Robert Smith 1801-1811. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co, 1991.
  • Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1956.
  • Boles, John B. Jefferson: Architect of American Liberty. New York: Basic Books, 2017.
  • Brant, Irving. “Election of 1808.” History of American Presidential Elections 1789-1968, Volume I. Arthur M Schlesinger Jr, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishers and McGraw-Hill, 1971. pp. 185-221.
  • Ernst, Robert. Rufus King: American Federalist. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1968.
  • Esdaile, Charles. Napoleon’s Wars: An International History. New York: Penguin, 2009 [2007].
  • Fischer, David Hackett. The Revolution of American Conservatism: The Federalist Party in the Era of Jeffersonian Democracy. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.
  • Gallatin, Albert. “To Thomas Jefferson, 6 August 1808,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-8456. [Last Accessed: 19 Oct 2021]
  • Hilt, Douglas. The Troubled Trinity: Goody and the Spanish Monarchs. Tuscaloosa, AL and London: University of Alabama Press, 1987.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Eighth Annual Message, 8 November 1808.” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/202933. [Last Accessed: 12 Nov 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To George Logan, 27 December 1808,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-9411. [Last Accessed: 14 Nov 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemours, 2 March 1809,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-9936. [Last Accessed: 15 Nov 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To the Citizens of Washington, D.C., 4 March 1809,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/03-01-02-0006. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Retirement Series, vol. 1, 4 March 1809 to 15 November 1809, ed. J. Jefferson Looney. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004, pp. 13–14.] [Last Accessed: 19 Oct 2021]
  • Kierner, Cynthia A. Martha Jefferson Randolph, Daughter of Monticello: Her Life and Times. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2012.
  • King, Charles R, ed. The life and correspondence of Rufus King; comprising his letters, private and official, his public documents, and his speeches, Volume V, 1807-1816. New York: G P Putnam’s Sons, 1898. https://archive.org/details/cu31924024263976/page/n9/mode/2up. [Last Accessed: 19 Oct 2021]
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Linklater, Andro. An Artist in Treason: The Extraordinary Double Life of General James Wilkinson. New York: Walker Publishing Co, 2009.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President Second Term, 1805-1809: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Five. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1974.
  • Malone, Dumas. The Sage of Monticello: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Six. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1981.
  • Meacham, Jon. Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power. New York: Random House, 2012.
  • Philip, Cynthia Owen. Robert Fulton: A Biography. New York and Toronto: Franklin Watts, 1985.
  • “Presidential Election of 1808: A Resource Guide.” Library of Congress. 23 Oct 2018. https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/elections/election1808.html. [Last Accessed: 12 Nov 2021]
  • Schom, Alan. Napoleon Bonaparte. New York: HarperCollins, 1998 [1997].
  • Seale, William. The President’s House: A History, Volume One. Washington, DC: White House Historical Association, 1986.
  • Sullivan, James. “To Thomas Jefferson, 2 April 1808,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-7772. [Last Accessed: 8 Nov 2021]
  • Tarr, David R, et al. Guide to U.S. Elections, Sixth Edition, Volume I. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2010.

Featured Image: “William Branch Giles” by John Adams Elder [c. mid-19th century], courtesy of Wikipedia