Category Archives: Uncategorized

3.38 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Alycia of the Civics & Coffee Podcast for providing the intro quote for this episode and to Christian of Your Podcast Pal for his audio editing assistance with this episode!

  • Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1999 [1971].
  • Armstrong, Thom M. Politics, Diplomacy and Intrigue in the Early Republic: The Cabinet Career of Robert Smith 1801-1811. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co, 1991.
  • Asai, Alycia. “Banning the Trade, Not the Practice.” Civics & Coffee. 2 October 2021. https://www.civicsandcoffee.com/banning-the-trade-not-the-practice. [Last Accessed: 19 Oct 2021]
  • Balinky, Alexander. Albert Gallatin: Fiscal Theories and Policies. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1958.
  • Bell, J L. “Alexander Kerr and ‘the late distressing affair.’” Boston 1775. 28 Mar 2018. https://boston1775.blogspot.com/2018/03/alexander-kerr-and-late-distressing.html. [Last Accessed: 17 Oct 2021]
  • Brant, Irving. “Election of 1808.” History of American Presidential Elections 1789-1968, Volume I. Arthur M Schlesinger Jr, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishers and McGraw-Hill, 1971. pp. 185-221.
  • Crackel, Theodore J. Jefferson’s Army: Political and Social Reform of the Military Establishment, 1801-1809. New York and London: New York University Press, 1987.
  • Dorre, Howard, and Jessica Dorre. “Thomas Jefferson’s Deadly Lust for Wool.” Plodding Through the Presidents. 31 August 2021. https://www.ploddingthroughthepresidents.com/2021/08/thomas-jeffersons-deadly-lust-for-wool.html. [Last Accessed: 17 Oct 2021]
  • Hilt, Douglas. The Troubled Trinity: Goody and the Spanish Monarchs. Tuscaloosa, AL and London: University of Alabama Press, 1987.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To James Madison, 27 April 1795,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-28-02-0258. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 28, 1 January 1794 – 29 February 1796, ed. John Catanzariti. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000, pp. 338–340.] [Last Accessed: 16 Oct 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Sixth Annual Message, 2 Dec 1806.” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley. The American Presidency Project. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/202839. [Last Accessed: 12 Oct 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Charles Thomson, 11 January 1808,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-7186. [Last Accessed: 16 Oct 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Thomas Mann Randolph, 26 January 1808,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-7278. [Last Accessed: 16 Oct 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Alexander Kerr, 7 February 1808,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-7364. [Last Accessed: 17 Oct 2021]
  • Johnson, David. John Randolph of Roanoke. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 2012.
  • Kaminski, John P. George Clinton: Yeoman Politician of the New Republic. Madison, WI: Madison House, 1993.
  • Kerr, Alexander. “To Thomas Jefferson, 4 April 1808,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-7784. [Last Accessed: 17 Oct 2021]
  • Ketcham, Ralph. James Madison: A Biography. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1994 [1971].
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President Second Term, 1805-1809: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Five. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1974.
  • McGrath, Tim. James Monroe: A Life. New York: Penguin Random House, 2020.
  • Perkins, Bradford. Prologue to War, 1805-1812: England and the United States. Berkeley, CA; Los Angeles, CA; and London: University of California Press, 1974 (1961)
  • Reiff, Jennie. “Thomas Jefferson’s Deadly Sheep.” Presidentress. 30 June 2016. http://www.presidentress.com/2016/06/thomas-jeffersons-killer-sheep.html. [Last Accessed: 17 Oct 2021]
  • Schom, Alan. Napoleon Bonaparte. New York: HarperCollins, 1998 [1997].
  • Spivak, Burton. Jefferson’s English Crisis: Commerce, Embargo, and the Republican Revolution. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1979.
  • Tucker, Spencer C.; and Frank T. Reuter. Injured Honor: The Chesapeake-Leopard Affair, June 22, 1807. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996.
  • Urofsky, Melvin I. A March of Liberty: A Constitutional History of the United States, Volume I: To 1877. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1988.
  • US Congress. “An Act to Prohibit the Importation of Slaves into any Port or Place Within the Jurisdiction of the United States, From and After the First Day of January, in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Eight.” The Avalon Project, Yale University. https://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/sl004.asp. [Last Accessed: 8 Oct 2021]

Featured Image: “Tilsit” by Nikolas Gosse [c. 1807], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.37 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Stacey of the History’s Trainwrecks podcast and Alex for providing the intro quotes and to Alex Van Rose for his audio editing work for this episode!

  • Armstrong, Thom M. Politics, Diplomacy and Intrigue in the Early Republic: The Cabinet Career of Robert Smith 1801-1811. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co, 1991.
  • Beach, Edward L. The United States Navy: 200 Years. New York: Henry Holt & Co, 1986.
  • Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1956.
  • Dye, Ira. The Fatal Cruise of the Argus: Two Captains in the War of 1812. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1994.
  • Feldman, Noah. The Three Lives of James Madison: Genius, Partisan, President. New York: Random House, 2017.
  • Gallatin, Albert. “To Thomas Jefferson from Albert Gallatin, 2 December 1807,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-6885. [Last Accessed: 7 Oct 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Proclamation 14—Requiring Removal of British Armed Vessels From United States Ports and Waters, 2 Jul 1807.” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/202828. [Last Accessed: 26 Sep 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To George Clinton, 6 July 1807,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-5883. [Last Accessed: 28 Sep 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Proclamation—Convening an Extra Session of the Congress, 30 Jul 1807.” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/202905. [Last Accessed: 22 Sep 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Seventh Annual Message, 27 October 1807.” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/202886. [Last Accessed: 6 Oct 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Albert Gallatin, 3 December 1807,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-6895. [Last Accessed: 22 Sep 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Special Message, 18 December 1807,” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/201921. [Last Accessed: 7 Oct 2021]
  • Johnson, David. John Randolph of Roanoke. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 2012.
  • Ketcham, Ralph. James Madison: A Biography. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1994 [1971].
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President Second Term, 1805-1809: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Five. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1974.
  • Malone, Dumas. The Sage of Monticello: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Six. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1981.
  • McGrath, Tim. James Monroe: A Life. New York: Penguin Random House, 2020.
  • McKee, Christopher. Edward Preble: A Naval Biography, 1761-1807. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996 [1972].
  • Monroe, James. “To James Madison, 8 October 1807,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/99-01-02-2201. [Last Accessed: 3 Oct 2021]
  • Rodney, Caesar Augustus. “To Thomas Jefferson, 24 October 1807,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-6643. [Last Accessed: 5 Oct 2021]
  • Tucker, Spencer C.; and Frank T. Reuter. Injured Honor: The Chesapeake-Leopard Affair, June 22, 1807. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996.

Featured Image: “Joseph Bradley Varnum,” courtesy of Wikipedia


3.36 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Chris Fernandez-Packham of the Age of Victoria podcast for providing the intro quote and to Alex Van Rose for his audio editing work for this episode!

  • Gaines, William H, Jr. Thomas Mann Randolph: Jefferson’s Son-in-Law. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.
  • Giles, William Branch. “To Thomas Jefferson, 6 April 1807,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-5420. [Last Accessed: 31 Aug 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “22 Jan 1807, Message to Congress on the Burr Conspiracy.” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/202052. [Last Accessed: 1 Sep 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To James Monroe, 21 March 1807,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-5326. [Last Accessed: 6 Sep 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To William Branch Giles, 20 April 1807.” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-5478. [Last Accessed: 19 Sep 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To George Hay, 19 June 1807.” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-5779. [Last Accessed: 19 Sep 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To George Hay, 4 September 1807,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-6320. [Last Accessed: 18 Sep 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Seventh Annual Message, 27 October 1807,” Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, eds. The American Presidency Project. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/202886. [Last Accessed: 19 Sep 2021]
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Lewis, James E, Jr. The Burr Conspiracy: Uncovering the Story of an Early American Crisis. Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2017.
  • Linklater, Andro. An Artist in Treason: The Extraordinary Double Life of General James Wilkinson. New York: Walker Publishing Co, 2009.
  • Lomask, Milton. Aaron Burr: The Conspiracy and Years of Exile, 1805-1836. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1982.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President Second Term, 1805-1809: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Five. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1974.
  • McGrath, Tim. James Monroe: A Life. New York: Penguin Random House, 2020.
  • Smith, Jean Edward. John Marshall: Definer of a Nation. New York: Henry Holt & Co, 1996.
  • Stewart, David O. American Emperor: Aaron Burr’s Challenge to Jefferson’s America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011.
  • Tucker, Spencer C.; and Frank T. Reuter. Injured Honor: The Chesapeake-Leopard Affair, June 22, 1807. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996.
  • Wheelan, Joseph. Jefferson’s Vendetta: The Pursuit of Aaron Burr and the Judiciary. New York: Carroll and Graf Publishers, 2005.

Featured Image: “USS Chesapeake” by F Muller [c. early 1900s], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.35 – Source Notes



Special thanks to my husband Alex for providing the intro quote for this episode and to Alex Van Rose for his audio editing work on this episode!

  • Dougan, Michael B. “Livingston, Henry Brockholst.” Hall, Kermit L, etc, eds. The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992. pp. 507-508.
  • Ellis, Richard E. “Paterson, William.” Hall, Kermit L, etc, eds. The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992. pp. 624-625.
  • Fenster, Julie M. Jefferson’s America: The President, the Purchase, and the Explorers Who Transformed a Nation. New York: Broadway Books, 2016.
  • Gaudioso, Peter. “Thomas Todd.” The Supreme Court Justices: Illustrated Biographies, 1789-1995, Second Edition. Clare Cushman, ed. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Inc, 1995. p. 76-80.
  • Harrison, Lowell H. John Breckinridge: Jeffersonian Republican. Louisville, KY: The Filson Club, 1969.
  • Hart, Stephen Harding; and Archer Butler Hulbert, eds. The Southwestern Journals of Zebulon Pike, 1806-1807. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 2007.
  • HIckox, Charles F, III; and Andrew C Laviano. “William Paterson.” The Supreme Court Justices: Illustrated Biographies, 1789-1995, Second Edition. Clare Cushman, ed. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Inc, 1995. p. 36-40.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Caesar A. Rodney, 24 April 1802,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-37-02-0261. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 37, 4 March–30 June 1802, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010, pp. 330–331.] [Last Accessed: 19 Aug 2021]
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Leonard, Dick. A History of British Prime Ministers: Walpole to Cameron, Omnibus Edition. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015 [2014].
  • Linklater, Andro. An Artist in Treason: The Extraordinary Double Life of General James Wilkinson. New York: Walker Publishing Co, 2009.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President Second Term, 1805-1809: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Five. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1974.
  • Masterson, William H. Tories and Democrats: British Diplomats in Pre-Jacksonian America. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1985.
  • McGrath, Tim. James Monroe: A Life. New York: Penguin Random House, 2020.
  • Orsi, Jared. Citizen Explorer: The Life of Zebulon Pike. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.
  • Perkins, Bradford. Prologue to War, 1805-1812: England and the United States. Berkeley, CA; Los Angeles, CA; and London: University of California Press, 1974 (1961)
  • “Rodney, Caesar Augustus.” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. https://bioguide.congress.gov/search/bio/R000377. [Last Accessed: 19 Aug 2021]
  • Shurtleff, Kathleen. “Henry Brockholst Livingston.” The Supreme Court Justices: Illustrated Biographies, 1789-1995, Second Edition. Clare Cushman, ed. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Inc, 1995. p. 71-75.
  • Tachau, Mary K Bonsteel. “Todd, Thomas.” Hall, Kermit L, etc, eds. The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992. pp. 876.
  • Tucker, Spencer C.; and Frank T. Reuter. Injured Honor: The Chesapeake-Leopard Affair, June 22, 1807. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996.

Featured Image: “John Adair” by Nicola Marschall [c. 1908], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.34 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Jacob from the Podcast on Germany and listener Brian for providing the intro quotes for this episode!

  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Lewis, James E, Jr. The Burr Conspiracy: Uncovering the Story of an Early American Crisis. Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2017.
  • Linklater, Andro. An Artist in Treason: The Extraordinary Double Life of General James Wilkinson. New York: Walker Publishing Co, 2009.
  • Lomask, Milton. Aaron Burr: The Conspiracy and Years of Exile, 1805-1836. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1982.
  • Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire, 1767-1821.New York: Harper & Row, 1977.
  • Stewart, David O. American Emperor: Aaron Burr’s Challenge to Jefferson’s America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011.
  • Tiffin, Edward. “To Thomas Jefferson, 8 December 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-4648. [Last Accessed: 15 Jul 2021]
  • Utter, William T. The Frontier State: 1803-1825, A History of the State of Ohio Volume II. Columbus, OH: Ohio Historical Society, 1968 [1942].

Featured Image: “Joseph Hamilton Daveiss,” courtesy of Wikipedia


3.33 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Steve Guerra of the History of the Papacy and Beyond the Big Screen podcasts for providing the intro quote for this episode, and special thanks to Andrew Pfannkuche for his audio editing work on this episode!

  • Ambrose, Stephen E. Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997 [1996].
  • Chipman, Donald E, and Harriet Denise Joseph. Spanish Texas, 1519-1821, Revised Edition. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2011 [2009].
  • Fellman, David. “Habeas Corpus.” Hall, Kermit L, etc, eds. The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992. pp. 357-358.
  • Harrison, Lowell H. John Breckinridge: Jeffersonian Republican. Louisville, KY: The Filson Club, 1969.
  • Hatfield, Joseph T. William Claiborne: Jeffersonian Centurion in the American Southwest. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana at Lafayette Press, 1976.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Notes on a Cabinet Meeting, 22 October 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-4462. [Last Accessed: 9 Jul 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Notes on a Cabinet Meeting, 24 October 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-4465. [Last Accessed: 12 Jul 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Notes on a Cabinet Meeting, 25 October 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-4470. [Last Accessed: 12 Jul 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Proclamation re Military Expeditions against Spain, 27 November 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-4597. [Last Accessed: 14 Jul 2021]
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Lester, Malcolm. Anthony Merry Redivivus: A Reappraisal of the British Minister to the United States, 1803-6. Charlottesvile, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1978.
  • Lewis, James E, Jr. The Burr Conspiracy: Uncovering the Story of an Early American Crisis. Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2017.
  • Lewis, Meriwether. “To Thomas Jefferson, 23 September 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-4310. [Last Accessed: 20 Jun 2021]
  • Linklater, Andro. An Artist in Treason: The Extraordinary Double Life of General James Wilkinson. New York: Walker Publishing Co, 2009.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President Second Term, 1805-1809: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Five. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1974.
  • Masterson, William H. Tories and Democrats: British Diplomats in Pre-Jacksonian America. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1985.
  • McMichael, Andrew. Atlantic Loyalties: Americans in Spanish West Florida 1785-1810. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2008.
  • Moulton, Gary E. The Lewis and Clark Expedition Day by Day. Lincoln, NE and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2018.
  • Stewart, David O. American Emperor: Aaron Burr’s Challenge to Jefferson’s America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011.
  • Thorning, Joseph F. Miranda: World Citizen. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press, 1967.
  • Withey, Lynne. Dearest Friend: A Life of Abigail Adams. New York & London: Simon & Schuster, 2002 [1981].
  • Zacks, Richard. The Pirate Coast: Thomas Jefferson, the First Marines, and the Secret Mission of 1805. New York: Hyperion, 2005.

Featured Image: “Le général Louise-Marie Turreau (1756-1816), lors de l’affaire de Gravière (8 prairial, an VIII – 21 mai 1800)” by Louis Hersent [c. 1800], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.32 – Source Notes



Special thanks to John for providing the intro quote for this episode and to Andrew Pfannkuche for providing audio editing assistance for this episode!

  • Daveiss, Joseph Hamilton. ““To Thomas Jefferson, 10 January 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2980. [Last Accessed: 19 Jun 2021]
  • Daveiss, Joseph Hamilton. “To Thomas Jefferson, 10 February 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-3210. [Last Accessed: 19 Jun 2021]
  • Daveiss, Joseph Hamilton. “To Thomas Jefferson, 14 July 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-4028. [Last Accessed: 20 Jun 2021]
  • Fenster, Julie M. Jefferson’s America: The President, the Purchase, and the Explorers Who Transformed a Nation. New York: Broadway Books, 2016.
  • Hart, Stephen Harding; and Archer Butler Hulbert, eds. The Southwestern Journals of Zebulon Pike, 1806-1807. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 2007.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Joseph Hamilton Daveiss, 15 February 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-3242. [Last Accessed: 20 Jun 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Proclamation re Henry Whitby, 3 May 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-3682. [Last Accessed: 14 Jun 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To William DuVal, 14 June 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-3844. [Last Accessed: 11 Jun 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To William Armistead Burwell, 17 September 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-4285. [Last Accessed: 18 Jun 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To George Morgan, 19 September 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-4294. [Last Accessed: 20 Jun 2021]
  • Johnson, David. John Randolph of Roanoke. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 2012.
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Lewis, James E, Jr. The Burr Conspiracy: Uncovering the Story of an Early American Crisis. Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2017.
  • Linklater, Andro. An Artist in Treason: The Extraordinary Double Life of General James Wilkinson. New York: Walker Publishing Co, 2009.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President Second Term, 1805-1809: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Five. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1974.
  • McGrath, Tim. James Monroe: A Life. New York: Penguin Random House, 2020.
  • Meacham, Jon. Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power. New York: Random House, 2012.
  • Orsi, Jared. Citizen Explorer: The Life of Zebulon Pike. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Featured Image: “Charles James Fox” by Anton Hinkel [c. 1794], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.31 – Source Notes



Special thanks to James Early of the Key Battles of American History podcast for providing the intro quote for this episode. Special thanks also to Andrew Pfannkuche for his audio editing work on this episode.

  • Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1956.
  • “Bidwell, Barnabas, 1763-1833.” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. https://bioguide.congress.gov/search/bio/B000446. [Last Accessed: 23 May 2021]
  • Cassell, Frank A. Merchant Congressman in the Young Republic: Samuel Smith of Maryland, 1752-1839. Madison, WI; Milwaukee, WI; and London: University of Wisconsin Press, 1971.
  • Célius, Carlo. “Neoclassicism and the Haitian Revolution.” The World of the Haitian Revolution. David Patrick Geggus & Norman Fiering, eds. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2009. pp. 352-392.
  • DuBois, Laurent. Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution. Cambridge, MA and London, England, UK: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2005 [2004].
  • Gaines, William H, Jr. Thomas Mann Randolph: Jefferson’s Son-in-Law. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.
  • Girard, Philippe R. “Jean-Jacques Dessalines and the Atlantic System: A Reappraisal.” The William and Mary Quarterly. 69:3 [July 2012] 549-582.
  • Hatfield, Joseph T. William Claiborne: Jeffersonian Centurion in the American Southwest. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana at Lafayette Press, 1976.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To United States Congress, 6 December 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2779. [Last Accessed: 11 May 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Thomas Mann Randolph, 13 July 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-4026. [Last Accessed: 10 Jun 2021]
  • Johnson, David. John Randolph of Roanoke. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 2012.
  • Ketcham, Ralph. James Madison: A Biography. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1994 [1971].
  • Kierner, Cynthia A. Martha Jefferson Randolph, Daughter of Monticello: Her Life and Times. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2012.
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Linklater, Andro. An Artist in Treason: The Extraordinary Double Life of General James Wilkinson. New York: Walker Publishing Co, 2009.
  • Lomask, Milton. Aaron Burr: The Conspiracy and Years of Exile, 1805-1836. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1982.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President Second Term, 1805-1809: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Five. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1974.
  • McGrath, Tim. James Monroe: A Life. New York: Penguin Random House, 2020.
  • McMichael, Andrew. Atlantic Loyalties: Americans in Spanish West Florida 1785-1810. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2008.
  • Perkins, Bradford. Prologue to War, 1805-1812: England and the United States. Berkeley, CA; Los Angeles, CA; and London: University of California Press, 1974 (1961)
  • Stewart, David O. American Emperor: Aaron Burr’s Challenge to Jefferson’s America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011.
  • Thorning, Joseph F. Miranda: World Citizen. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press, 1967.

Featured Image: “Thomas Mann Randolph” [c. 1790], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.30 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Alex for providing the intro quote for this episode and to Andrew for his audio editing assistance!

  • Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1999 [1971].
  • Dangerfield, George. Chancellor Robert R. Livingston of New York, 1746-1813. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co, 1960.
  • Ehrman, John. The Younger Pitt Volume III: The Consuming Struggle. London: Constable & Co, 1996.
  • Esdaile, Charles. Napoleon’s Wars: An International History. New York: Penguin, 2009 [2007].
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Thomas Lomax, 11 January 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2995. [Last Accessed: 5 Apr 2021]
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Leonard, Dick. A History of British Prime Ministers: Walpole to Cameron, Omnibus Edition. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015 [2014].
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President Second Term, 1805-1809: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Five. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1974.
  • Matthews, Marty D. Forgotten Founder: The Life and Times of Charles Pinckney. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2004.
  • McGrath, Tim. James Monroe: A Life. New York: Penguin Random House, 2020.
  • Monroe, James. “To Thomas Jefferson, 6 October 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2442. [Last Accessed: 4 May 2021]
  • Schom, Alan. Napoleon Bonaparte. New York: HarperCollins, 1998 [1997].

Featured Image: “La bataille d’Austerlitz. 2 decembre 1805″ by François Gérard [c. 1810], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.29 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Alycia from the Civics & Coffee podcast for providing the intro quote for this episode, and thanks so much to our audio editor, Andrew Pfannkuche, for his work on this episode!

  • Allgor, Catherine. A Perfect Union: Dolley Madison and the Creation of the American Nation. New York: Henry Holt & Co, 2006.
  • Ambrose, Stephen E. Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997 [1996].
  • Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1999 [1971].
  • Armstrong, Thom M. Politics, Diplomacy and Intrigue in the Early Republic: The Cabinet Career of Robert Smith 1801-1811. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co, 1991.
  • “Breckinridge, John, 1760-1806.” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. https://bioguide.congress.gov/search/bio/B000787. [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Crowninshield, Jacob. “To Thomas Jefferson, 27 March 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-1452. [Last Accessed: 28 Mar 2021]
  • “Dayton, Jonathan, 1760-1824.” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. https://bioguide.congress.gov/search/bio/D000165. [Last Accessed: 24 Mar 2021]
  • Einboden, Jeffrey. Jefferson’s Muslim Fugitives: The Lost Story of Enslaved Africans, Their Arabic Letters, and an American President. New York: Oxford University Press, 2020.
  • Gaines, William H, Jr. Thomas Mann Randolph: Jefferson’s Son-in-Law. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To United States Senate, 26 February 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-1237. [Last Accessed: 28 Mar 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Albert Gallatin, 29 May 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-1800. [Last Accessed: 2 Apr 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To John Julius Pringle, 15 June 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-1906. [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Notes on a Cabinet Meeting, 8 July 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2047. [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To John Breckinridge, 7 August 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2202. [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Kierner, Cynthia A. Martha Jefferson Randolph, Daughter of Monticello: Her Life and Times. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2012.
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Lewis, James E, Jr. The Burr Conspiracy: Uncovering the Story of an Early American Crisis. Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2017.
  • Lomask, Milton. Aaron Burr: The Conspiracy and Years of Exile, 1805-1836. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1982.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President Second Term, 1805-1809: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Five. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1974.
  • Mason, John. “To Thomas Jefferson, 20 July 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2117. [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Matthews, Marty D. Forgotten Founder: The Life and Times of Charles Pinckney. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2004.
  • McGrath, Tim. James Monroe: A Life. New York: Penguin Random House, 2020.
  • Miles, Tiya. The Dawn of Detroit: A Chronicle of Slavery and Freedom in the City of the Straits. New York and London: The New Press, 2019 [2017].
  • Monroe, James. “To Thomas Jefferson, 1 November 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2559. [Last Accessed: 14 Mar 2021]
  • Monroe, James, and Charles Pinckney. “To James Madison, 25 May 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-09-02-0446. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, vol. 9, 1 February 1805–30 June 1805, ed. Mary A. Hackett, J. C. A. Stagg, Mary Parke Johnson, Anne Mandeville Colony, Angela Kreider, and Katherine E. Harbury. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2011, pp. 398–401.] [Last Accessed: 18 Mar 2021]
  • Pringle, John J. “To George Washington, 3 September 1792,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/05-11-02-0034. [Original source: The Papers of George Washington, Presidential Series, vol. 11, 16 August 1792 – 15 January 1793, ed. Christine Sternberg Patrick. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2002, p. 68.] [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Pringle, John Julius. “To Thomas Jefferson, 2 July 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2013. [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire, 1767-1821.New York: Harper & Row, 1977.
  • Seale, William. The President’s House: A History, Volume One. Washington, DC: White House Historical Association, 1986.

Featured Images: “Margaret Bayard Smith” by Charles Bird King [c. 1829], courtesy of Wikipedia and “Hammouda Pacha, bey de Tunis” [c. 1800], courtesy of Wikipedia