All posts by presidencies

3.17 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Jonny Langton of the Kings and Queens Podcast for providing the intro quote for this episode! You can find his podcast on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, or Anchor.fm!

Special thanks to Alex for providing audio editing assistance with this episode!

  • Ambrose, Stephen E. Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997 [1996].
  • Balinky, Alexander. Albert Gallatin: Fiscal Theories and Policies. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1958.
  • Brighton, Ray. The Checkered Career of Tobias Lear. Portsmouth, NH: Portsmouth Marine Society, 1985.
  • Eppes, John Wayles. “To Thomas Jefferson, 14 April 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0142. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 190–191.] [Last Accessed: 28 Apr 2020]
  • “Eppes, John Wayles (1773-1823).” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=E000197. [Last Accessed: 28 Apr 2020]
  • Gaines, William H, Jr. Thomas Mann Randolph: Jefferson’s Son-in-Law. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.
  • Gallatin, Albert. “To Thomas Jefferson, 21 March 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0074. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 91–94.] [Last Accessed: 21 Apr 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “First Annual Message [8 Dec 1801].” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/202536. [Last Accessed: 15 Apr 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Second Annual Message, 15 December 1802,” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project, https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/202594. [Last Accessed: 15 Apr 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Albert Gallatin, 28 March 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0092. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 111–112.] [Last Accessed: 15 Apr 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Samuel J. Cabell, 25 April 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0194. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 269–270.] [Last Accessed: 28 Apr 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Lewis Harvie, 28 May 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0333. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 442–443.] [Last Accessed: 26 Apr 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Meriwether Lewis, 16 November 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-42-02-0005-0001. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 42, 16 November 1803–10 March 1804, ed. James P. McClure. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2016, pp. 6–9.] [Last Accessed: 27 Apr 2020]
  • Kierner, Cynthia A. Martha Jefferson Randolph, Daughter of Monticello: Her Life and Times. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2012.
  • Lambert, Frank. The Barbary Wars: American Independence in the Atlantic World. New York: Hill and Wang, 2007 [2005].
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2020. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Lewis, Meriwether. “To Thomas Jefferson, 3 October 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-41-02-0342. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 41, 11 July–15 November 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014, pp. 463–468.] [Last Accessed: 27 Apr 2020]
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President First Term, 1801-1805: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Four. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1970.
  • McKee, Christopher. Edward Preble: A Naval Biography, 1761-1807. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996 [1972].
  • Randolph, Thomas Mann. “To Thomas Jefferson, 29 April 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0213. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 284–285.] [Last Accessed: 28 Apr 2020]
  • Randolph, Thomas Mann. “To Thomas Jefferson, 22 May 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0317. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 416–417.] [Last Accessed: 28 Apr 2020]
  • Randolph, Thomas Mann. “To Thomas Jefferson 10 June 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0391. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 523–524.] [Last Accessed: 28 Apr 2020]

Featured Image: “Alexander Murray” [c. 1798], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.17 – Sailing in New Waters



Year(s) Discussed: 1802-1803

Despite some early successes, the US naval efforts against Tripoli languished in 1802 and early 1803, and with the cost of maintaining a squadron in the Mediterranean climbing, President Jefferson and his administration had to consider alternates in both leadership and approaches to tackle the situation. Meanwhile, various young men in Jefferson’s life moved into new roles in 1803, and the President’s personal and political realms began to overlap in new ways. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Image: “Dutch Ships off Tripoli” by Reinier Nooms [c. mid 17th century], courtesy of Wikipedia

Intro and Outro Music: Selections from “Jefferson and Liberty” as performed by The Itinerant Band


Chervinsky Source Notes



Lindsay Chervinsky’s website where you can check out some of her other appearances on film and other podcasts, sign up for her monthly newsletter, or purchase a copy of The Cabinet.

The White House Historical Association has great articles and online resources for learning about presidential history including Washington’s tenure of office.

In case you missed the Washington series of this podcast, all episodes are available to stream through the website or for download on your podcast app of choice.

Featured Images: “William Bradford, Attorney General” by William E Winner [c. 1872], courtesy of Wikipedia, and cover image of The Cabinet, courtesy of the author


Interview with Lindsay Chervinsky



Year(s) Discussed: 1789-1809

George Washington established many precedents during his tenure of office, but one that had arguably the greatest impact was his establishment, not by law but by practice, of what we now know of as the Cabinet. To examine the beginnings of this institution and what it meant for the Washington presidency, I am joined in this special episode by Lindsay Chervinsky, a historian with the White House Historical Association and author of The Cabinet: George Washington and the Creation of an American Institution. In our conversation, Lindsay provided great insights into Washington’s thought process in turning to the Cabinet as an advisory body as well as how the events and culture of the 1790s influenced the development of the executive branch. Additional resources for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Images: Lindsay M. Chervinsky, Ph.D., courtesy of the author, and “Henry Knox” by Gilbert Stuart [c. 1806], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.16 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Allen Ayers of the Political History of the United States for providing the intro quote for this episode!

  • Ambrose, Stephen E. Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997 [1996].
  • Gallatin, Albert. “II. On or before 13 April 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0136-0003. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 173–174.] [Last Accessed: 11 Apr 2020]
  • Hatfield, Joseph T. William Claiborne: Jeffersonian Centurion in the American Southwest. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana at Lafayette Press, 1976.
  • Henri, Florette. The Southern Indians and Benjamin Hawkins 1796-1816. Norman, OK and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Memorandum for Henry Dearborn on Indian Policy, 29 December 1802,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-39-02-0208. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 39, 13 November 1802–3 March 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012, pp. 231–234.] [Last Accessed: 28 Mar 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Hugh Williamson, 30 April 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0219. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 292–293.] [Last Accessed: 6 Apr 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. ““IV. Instructions for Meriwether Lewis, 20 June 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0136-0005. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 176–183.] [Last Accessed: 12 Apr 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Meriwether Lewis, 4 July 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0500. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 655–656.] [Last Accessed: 12 Apr 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Thomas Mann Randolph, 5 July 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0505. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 660–662.] [Last Accessed: 12 Apr 2020]
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2020. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Lincoln, Levi. “III. 17 April 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0136-0004. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 175–176.] [Last Accessed: 11 Apr 2020]
  • Madison, James. “I. Before 13 April 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0136-0002. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, p. 172.] [Last Accessed: 11 Apr 2020]
  • Madison, James. “To James Monroe, 1 May 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-04-02-0668. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, vol. 4, 8 October 1802 – 15 May 1803, ed. Mary A. Hackett, J. C. A. Stagg, Jeanne Kerr Cross, Susan Holbrook Perdue, and Ellen J. Barber. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1998, pp. 562–563.] [Last Accessed: 6 Apr 2020]
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President First Term, 1801-1805: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Four. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1970.
  • Owens, Robert M. Jefferson’s Hammer: William Henry Harrison and the Origins of American Indian Policy. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 2007.
  • Snyder, Terri L. “Suicide, Slavery, and Memory in North America.” The Journal of American History. 97:1 [Jun 2010] 39-62.

Featured Image: “Portrait of Carlos Martínez de Irujo” by Gilbert Stuart [c. 1804], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.16 – Up River, Down River



Content Note: This episode mentions the topic of suicide.

Year(s) Discussed: 1802-1803

As the Jefferson administration awaited word on the outcome of Monroe’s mission to France, the territorial governors and government agents in the western US dealt with various issues including labor shortages, troubled relations with neighboring indigenous nations, and the economic chaos caused by the port of New Orleans being closed to American shipping. To the east, the President and his Cabinet worked with Meriwether Lewis to prepare him for the planned transcontinental expedition as news came from across the Atlantic that would reshape the United States forever. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Image: “William C. C. Claiborne, Governor of Louisiana” [c. early 19th century], courtesy of Wikipedia 

Intro and Outro Music: Selections from “Jefferson and Liberty” as performed by The Itinerant Band

 


S004 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Logan of From Boomers to Millennials, Rosie of History, Eh?, Alex H of Ohio v the World, and Chris of the History of China for providing the intro quotes for this episode! Special thanks also to my husband Alex for providing one of the intro quotes as well as for his audio editing assistance.

If you are so inclined as to leave a review for the podcast to benefit Podchaser’s Reviews4Good benefit where Podchaser will donate to the Meals For Wheels COVID-19 response fund for every review of a podcast or podcast episode left on their website, go to www.podchaser.com and search for “Presidencies” then search for some of your other favorite podcasts and leave them reviews as well. For every review left for this podcast, be it good, bad, or indifferent, I’ll reply with my thanks in order to double the donation.

  • Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1999 [1971].
  • Bourne, Edward G, et al, eds. Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the Year 1902, Volume II. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1903. https://books.google.com/books?id=rbMOAQAAMAAJ&newbks=1&newbks_redir=0&dq=salmon%20chase%20papers&pg=PA1#v=onepage&q&f=false [Last Accessed: 10 Apr 2020]
  • Dangerfield, George. The Era of Good Feelings. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co, 1952.
  • Donald, David, ed. Inside Lincoln’s Cabinet: The Civil War Diaries of Salmon P Chase. New York, London, & Toronto: Longmans, Green and Co, 1954.
  • Goodwin, Doris Kearns. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006 [2005].
  • Gould, Lewis L. Grand Old Party: A History of the Republicans. New York: Random House, 2003.
  • Hopkins, James F. “Election of 1824.” History of American Presidential Elections 1789-1968, Volume I. Arthur M Schlesinger Jr, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishers and McGraw-Hill, 1971. pp. 349-381.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Richard Rush, 13 October 1824,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/98-01-02-4620. [Last Accessed: 8 Apr 2020]
  • Klingaman, William K. Abraham Lincoln and the Road to Emancipation, 1861-1865. New York: Viking, 2001.
  • Landry, Jerry. Harrison Podcast. 2016-2017. http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com/
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2020. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson and His Time, Volume Six: The Sage of Monticello. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Co, 1981.
  • McFeely, William S. Frederick Douglass. New York and London: W W Norton & Co, 1991.
  • McGuiness, Colleen, ed. American Leaders 1789-1994: A Biographical Summary. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, 1994.
  • McPherson, James M. Ordeal by Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction, Third Edition. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2001 [1982].
  • McPherson, James M. Tried By War: Abraham Lincoln as Commander in Chief. New York: Penguin, 2008.
  • Nagel, Paul C. John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, a Private Life. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1997.
  • Nevins, Allen. Hamilton Fish: The Inner History of the Grant Administration. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co, 1936.
  • Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Freedom, 1822-1832. New York: Harper & Row, 1981.
  • Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: W W Norton & Co, 1991.
  • Sears, Stephen W. George B McClellan: The Young Napoleon. New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1988.
  • Stone, Irving. They Also Ran: The Story of the Men Who Were Defeated for the Presidency. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran and Co Inc, 1943.
  • Tarr, David R, et al. Guide to U.S. Elections, Sixth Edition, Volume I. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2010.
  • Trefousse, Hans L. Andrew Johnson: A Biography. Newtown, CT: American Political Biography Press, 2009 [1989].
  • Turner, Lynn W. “Elections of 1816 and 1820.” History of American Presidential Elections 1789-1968, Volume I. Arthur M Schlesinger Jr, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishers and McGraw-Hill, 1971. pp. 299-336.
  • Wiltse, Charles M, ed. The Papers of Daniel Webster: Correspondence, Volume 2, 1825-1829. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1976.

Featured Images: “John Quincy Adams” by George Peter Alexander Healy [c. 1858], courtesy of Wikipedia and “Andrew Jackson” by Thomas Sully [c. 1824], courtesy of Wikipedia


S004 – Unprecedented Part I



Year(s) Discussed: 1800-1801, 1816-1825, 1860-1864

While some presidential elections function in much the same way as others of the time, there are those select few that reshape the process or are noteworthy for being unique in some way. In the next two episodes of the special series, I will be examining four presidential elections that stand out to me as unprecedented. In this episode, I start with the election of 1824 which saw a four way match up between Secretary of State John Adams, Secretary of the Treasury William Crawford, Speaker of the House Henry Clay, and Senator Andrew Jackson. The remainder of the episode is devoted to the election of 1864 which saw President Abraham Lincoln running for reelection against his challenger, General George McClellan. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Images: “Abraham Lincoln” by George Peter Alexander Healy [c. 1869], courtesy of Wikipedia and “George Brinton McClellan” by Julian Scott [c. 1888], courtesy of Wikipedia


Balcerski Source Notes



Special thanks to Alex for providing audio editing assistance with this episode!

Links to some of our guest’s other appearances are as follows:

Featured Images: “William R King” by George Cooke [c. 1839], courtesy of Wikipedia, and “Harriet Lane” [c. 1860], courtesy of Wikipedia


Interview with Thomas Balcerski (Bosom Friends)



Year(s) Discussed: 1786-1868

Political partnerships are nothing new to American politics, but what happens when the domestic world and the political realm overlap? To examine that question and learn more about one of the most significant political partnerships in American history, I recently spoke with Thomas Balcerski, author of Bosom Friends: The Intimate World of James Buchanan and William Rufus King. In our conversation, Tom shared some great insights about the politics, ideologies, and society of antebellum America and not only how Buchanan and King fit in to all of that but what studying their lives and their relationship can tell us in turn about larger historical themes. Additional resources for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Images: Dr. Thomas Balcerski, courtesy of the author, and “James Buchanan” by George Peter Alexander Healy [c. 1859], courtesy of Wikipedia