All posts by presidencies

3.13 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Alex for providing the intro quote for this episode, and be sure to check out my recent appearance on History’s What If – thanks to Phillip for inviting me on!

  • Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1999 [1971].
  • Dangerfield, George. Chancellor Robert R. Livingston of New York, 1746-1813. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co, 1960.
  • Ernst, Robert. Rufus King: American Federalist. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1968.
  • Fedorak, Charles John. Henry Addington, Prime Minister, 1801-1804: Peace, War, and Parliamentary Politics. Akron, OH: University of Akron Press, 2002.
  • Feldman, Noah. The Three Lives of James Madison: Genius, Partisan, President. New York: Random House, 2017.
  • Green, Constance McLaughlin. Washington: Village and Capital, 1800-1878. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1962.
  • Hamilton, Alexander. “To Rufus King, 3 June 1802,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Hamilton/01-26-02-0001-0011. [Original source: The Papers of Alexander Hamilton, vol. 26, 1 May 1802 – 23 October 1804, Additional Documents 1774–1799, Addenda and Errata, ed. Harold C. Syrett. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979, pp. 11–16.] [Last Accessed: 1 Feb 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To the Senate, 11 January 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-39-02-0269. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 39, 13 November 1802–3 March 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012, pp. 312–313.] [Last Accessed: 7 Feb 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Lewis Harvie, 25 January 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-39-02-0341. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 39, 13 November 1802–3 March 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012, pp. 392–393.] [Last Accessed: 1 Feb 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Lewis Harvie, 28 February 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-39-02-0505. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 39, 13 November 1802–3 March 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012, pp. 597–598.] [Last Accessed: 1 Feb 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Benjamin H. Latrobe, 6 March 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-40-02-0021. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 40, 4 March–10 July 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013, pp. 16–17.] [Last Accessed: 1 Feb 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To George Hay, 2 June 1807,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-5683. [Last Accessed: 1 Feb 2020]
  • King, Rufus. “To James Madison, 8 October 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-02-02-0240. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, vol. 2, 1 August 1801 – 28 February 1802, ed. Mary A. Hackett, J. C. A. Stagg, Jeanne Kerr Cross, and Susan Holbrook Perdue. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1993, pp. 163–164.] [Last Accessed: 1 Feb 2020]
  • King, Rufus. “To Alexander Hamilton, 8 April 1802,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Hamilton/01-25-02-0317. [Original source: The Papers of Alexander Hamilton, vol. 25, July 1800 – April 1802, ed. Harold C. Syrett. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977, pp. 598–599.] [Last Accessed: 1 Feb 2020]
  • King, Rufus. “To James Madison, 5 August 1802 (Abstract),” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-03-02-0576. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, vol. 3, 1 March–6 October 1802, ed. David B. Mattern, J. C. A. Stagg, Jeanne Kerr Cross, and Susan Holbrook Perdue. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995, pp. 457–458.] [Last Accessed: 2 Feb 2020]
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2020. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Livingston, Robert R. “To James Madison, 1 September 1802,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-03-02-0673. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, vol. 3, 1 March–6 October 1802, ed. David B. Mattern, J. C. A. Stagg, Jeanne Kerr Cross, and Susan Holbrook Perdue. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995, pp. 536–537.] [Last Accessed: 8 Feb 2020]
  • Livingston, Robert R. “To James Madison, 18 February 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-04-02-0405. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, vol. 4, 8 October 1802 – 15 May 1803, ed. Mary A. Hackett, J. C. A. Stagg, Jeanne Kerr Cross, Susan Holbrook Perdue, and Ellen J. Barber. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1998, pp. 328–333.] [Last Accessed: 8 Feb 2020]
  • Lyon, E Wilson. Louisiana in French Diplomacy 1759-1804. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1934.
  • Madison, James. “To Rufus King, 16 December 1802,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-04-02-0210. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, vol. 4, 8 October 1802 – 15 May 1803, ed. Mary A. Hackett, J. C. A. Stagg, Jeanne Kerr Cross, Susan Holbrook Perdue, and Ellen J. Barber. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1998, pp. 192–194.] [Last Accessed: 2 Feb 2020]
  • Madison, James. “To Robert R. Livingston, 18 January 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-04-02-0304. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, vol. 4, 8 October 1802 – 15 May 1803, ed. Mary A. Hackett, J. C. A. Stagg, Jeanne Kerr Cross, Susan Holbrook Perdue, and Ellen J. Barber. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1998, pp. 259–261.] [Last Accessed: 8 Feb 2020]
  • Madison, James. “To James Monroe, 2 March 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-04-02-0449. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, vol. 4, 8 October 1802 – 15 May 1803, ed. Mary A. Hackett, J. C. A. Stagg, Jeanne Kerr Cross, Susan Holbrook Perdue, and Ellen J. Barber. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1998, pp. 379–381.] [Last Accessed: 7 Feb 2020]
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President First Term, 1801-1805: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Four. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1970.
  • Schom, Alan. Napoleon Bonaparte. New York: HarperCollins, 1998 [1997].
  • Smith, Jean Edward. John Marshall: Definer of a Nation. New York: Henry Holt & Co, 1996.

Featured Image: “Meriwether Lewis” by Charles Willson Peale [c. 1807], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.13 – Ch-Ch-Ch-Changes



Year(s) Discussed: 1801-1803, 1807

As James Monroe began his special mission to Europe in early 1803, he would come to find that the situation on the continent was rapidly changing as the Peace of Amiens was proving to be a shaky one. Meanwhile, President Jefferson had to deal with some staffing changes at home and abroad. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Image: “Rufus King” by Charles Willson Peale [c. 1818], courtesy of Wikipedia

Intro and Outro Music: Selections from “Jefferson and Liberty” as performed by The Itinerant Band


3.12 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Robert Van Ness of the Virginia History Podcast for providing the intro quote for this episode!

  • Chernow, Ron. Alexander Hamilton. New York: Penguin Press, 2004.
  • “Enabling Act of 1802 (Transcript).” Ohio History Central. Ohio History Connection. https://ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Enabling_Act_of_1802_(Transcript). [Last Accessed: 19 Jan 2020]
  • Fenster, Julie M. Jefferson’s America: The President, the Purchase, and the Explorers Who Transformed a Nation. New York: Broadway Books, 2016.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To the Senate and the House of Representatives, 18 January 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-39-02-0303. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 39, 13 November 1802–3 March 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012, pp. 350–354.] [Last Accessed: 23 Jan 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To the House of Representatives, 3 February 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-39-02-0381. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 39, 13 November 1802–3 March 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012, pp. 443–444.] [Last Accessed: 24 Jan 2020]
  • Jenkinson, Clay S. The Character of Meriwether Lewis: Explorer in the Wilderness. Washburn, ND: The Dakota Institute Press of the Lewis & Clark Fort Mandan Foundation, 2011.
  • Johnson, Herbert A. “Marbury v. Madison.” The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States. Kermit L Hall, ed. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992. p. 521-523.
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2018-2019. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Madison, James. “To Arthur St. Clair, 23 June 1802,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-03-02-0400. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, vol. 3, 1 March–6 October 1802, ed. David B. Mattern, J. C. A. Stagg, Jeanne Kerr Cross, and Susan Holbrook Perdue. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995, p. 332.] [Last Accessed: 19 Jan 2020]
  • Madison, James. “To Arthur St. Clair, 22 November 1802,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-04-02-0140. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, vol. 4, 8 October 1802 – 15 May 1803, ed. Mary A. Hackett, J. C. A. Stagg, Jeanne Kerr Cross, Susan Holbrook Perdue, and Ellen J. Barber. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1998, p. 132.] [Last Accessed: 19 Jan 2020]
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President First Term, 1801-1805: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Four. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1970.
  • Meacham, Jon. Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power. New York: Random House, 2012.
  • Ostler, Jeffrey. Surviving Genocide: Native Nations and the United States from the American Revolution to Bleeding Kansas. New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 2019.
  • Roddy, Dennis B. “Buried in Greensburg, Arthur St. Clair a forgotten Revolutionary.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 22 Nov 2009. https://www.post-gazette.com/local/westmoreland/2009/11/22/Buried-in-Greensburg-Arthur-St-Clair-a-forgotten-Revolutionary/stories/200911220269 [Last Accessed: 19 Jan 2020]
  • Smith, Jean Edward. John Marshall: Definer of a Nation. New York: Henry Holt & Co, 1996.
  • “St. Clair, Arthur (1734-1818).” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-Present. http://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=S000763. [Last Accessed: 19 Jan 2020]
  • Urofsky, Melvin I. Supreme Decisions: Great Constitutional Cases and Their Impact, Volume One, To 1896. New York: Routledge, 2018 [2012].
  • Utter, William T. The Frontier State: 1803-1825, A History of the State of Ohio Volume II. Columbus, OH: Ohio Historical Society, 1968 [1942].

Featured Image: “Levi Lincoln” by James Sullivan Lincoln [c. 1865], courtesy of United States Department of Justice


3.12 – And the Beat Goes On



Year(s) Discussed: 1801-1803

As a new state joined the Union, state and federal leaders in the US worked to redefine the nation’s governmental institutions and its approach to foreign affairs. Jefferson put some plans into motion to stretch American influence through an expedition across western North America. Meanwhile, as Democratic-Republicans sought to wrest control of the judiciary from Federalists, the Supreme Court delivered a pivotal ruling. Source notes for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Image: “Charles Lee” by Cephas Giovanni Thompson [c. 19th century], courtesy of Wikipedia

Intro and Outro Music: Selections from “Jefferson and Liberty” as performed by The Itinerant Band


S002 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Vicky and Erik of the Ransack History podcast, Steve of the History of the Papacy and Beyond the Big Screen podcasts, Sean of the Second Decade podcast, and Alex for providing the intro quotes for this episode!

  • Appleton, Rory. “Nevada key to politics nationwide in 2020.” Las Vegas Review-Journal. 27 Dec 2019. https://www.reviewjournal.com/news/politics-and-government/nevada/nevada-key-to-politics-nationwide-in-2020-1922519/ [Last Accessed: 14 Jan 2020]
  • Busch, Andrew E. Reagan’s Victory: The Presidential Election of 1980 and the Rise of the Right. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2005.
  • Bush, George. All the Best, George Bush: My Life in Letters and Other Writings. New York: Scribner, 1999.
  • Canellos, Peter S., ed. Last Lion: The Fall and Rise of Ted Kennedy. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2009.
  • Clinton, Bill. My Life. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 2004.
  • Heldman, Caroline; Meredith Conroy; and Alissa R Ackerman. Sex and Gender in the 2016 Presidential Election. Santa Barbara, CA and Denver, CO: Praeger, 2018.
  • Iowa PBS. “1968 Creates Need for Change.” Caucus Iowa: Journey to the Presidency. https://wtvi.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/iptv_caucusiowa_02_1968/iptv_caucusiowa_02_1968/ [Last Accessed: 14 Jan 2020]
  • Iowa PBS. “George McGovern’s Early Momentum in 1972.” Caucus Iowa: Journey to the Presidency. https://wtvi.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/iptv_caucusiowa_03_1972/iptv_caucusiowa_03_1972/ [Last Accessed: 14 Jan 2020]
  • Kennedy, Edward M. True Compass: A Memoir. New York: Twelve, 2009.
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2019-2020. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Miroff, Bruce. The Liberals’ Moment: The McGovern Insurgency and the Identity Crisis of the Democratic Party. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2007.
  • Morris, Edmund. Theodore Rex. New York: Random House, 2001.
  • Nixon, Richard. RN: The Memoirs of Richard Nixon. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1978.
  • Ostermeier, Eric. “Meet the New Bellwether States: Ohio and Nevada.” SmartPolitics. 17 Feb 2011. https://editions.lib.umn.edu/smartpolitics/2011/02/17/meet-the-new-bellwether-states/. [Last Accessed: 14 Jan 2020]
  • Tarr, David R, et al. Guide to U.S. Elections, Sixth Edition, Volume I. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2010.
  • Witcover, Jules. Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency 1972-1976. New York: Viking Press, 1977.

Featured Image: “Senator George McGovern speaking into a microphone” by Warren K Leffler [30 Jun 1972], courtesy of Wikipedia


S002 – Primaries vs Caucuses



Year(s) Discussed: 1901-2008

What is the difference between a primary and a caucus anyway? Listen as I explore that question and discuss the various permutations of both as well as how the presidential primary calendar came to have Iowa and New Hampshire as the first contests in this episode. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Image: “Republican Candidates at the Nashua, NH Debate, 1980”, courtesy of Wikipedia


3.11 – Source Notes



Special thanks to James Early for reading the intro quote for this episode! Be sure to check out Presidential Fight Club, Key Battles of the Civil War, and Key Battles of the American Revolution!

  • Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1999 [1971].
  • Brighton, Ray. The Checkered Career of Tobias Lear. Portsmouth, NH: Portsmouth Marine Society, 1985.
  • Clarfield, Gerard H. Timothy Pickering and American Diplomacy 1795-1800. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1969.
  • “Collation.” Cambridge English Dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/collation. [Last Accessed: 18 Jan 2020]
  • DeConde, Alexander. The Quasi-War: The Politics and Diplomacy of the Undeclared War with France, 1797-1801. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1966.
  • DuBois, Laurent. Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution. Cambridge, MA and London, England, UK: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2005 [2004].
  • Gaines, William H, Jr. Thomas Mann Randolph: Jefferson’s Son-in-Law. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.
  • Irujo, Carlos Martínez de. “To Thomas Jefferson, 13 March 1801,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-33-02-0228. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 33, 17 February–30 April 1801, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, pp. 268–269.] [Last Accessed: 30 Dec 2019]
  • Irujo, Carlos Martínez de. “To Thomas Jefferson, 20 November 1802,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-39-02-0035. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 39, 13 November 1802–3 March 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012, p. 50.] [Last Accessed: 30 Dec 2019]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Thomas Mann Randolph, 2 November 1802,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-38-02-0558. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 38, 1 July–12 November 1802, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011, pp. 623–624.] [Last Accessed: 5 Jan 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Second Annual Message, 15 December 1802,” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project, https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/202594. [Last Accessed: 30 Dec 2019]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To the Senate, 11 January 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-39-02-0269. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 39, 13 November 1802–3 March 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012, pp. 312–313.] [Last Accessed: 11 Jan 2020]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To James Monroe, 13 January 1803,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-39-02-0283. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 39, 13 November 1802–3 March 1803, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012, pp. 328–331.] [Last Accessed: 30 Dec 2019]
  • Kierner, Cynthia A. Martha Jefferson Randolph, Daughter of Monticello: Her Life and Times. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2012.
  • Kukla, Jon. A Wilderness So Immense: The Louisiana Purchase and the Destiny of America. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 2003.
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2018-2019. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Linden, Frank van der. The Turning Point: Jefferson’s Battle for the Presidency. Washington, DC: Robert B Luce Inc, 1962.
  • Madison, James. “To Charles Pinckney, 27 November 1802,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-04-02-0158. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, vol. 4, 8 October 1802 – 15 May 1803, ed. Mary A. Hackett, J. C. A. Stagg, Jeanne Kerr Cross, Susan Holbrook Perdue, and Ellen J. Barber. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1998, pp. 146–148.] [Last Accessed: 30 Dec 2019]
  • Randolph, Thomas Mann. “To Thomas Jefferson, 29 October 1802,” Founders Online, National Archives, accessed September 29, 2019, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/01-38-02-0538. [Original source: The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 38, 1 July–12 November 1802, ed. Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011, pp. 601–602.] [Last Accessed: 5 Jan 2020]
  • US Department of State. State Papers and Correspondence Bearing Upon the Purchase of the Territory of Louisiana. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1903. https://books.google.com/books?id=kiAVp1MlWs4C&lpg=PA56&ots=raAQxLDF0Z&dq=manuel%20de%20salvado&pg=PA1#v=onepage&q&f=false [Last Accessed: 30 Dec 2019]

Featured Image: “Combat et prise de la Crête-à-Pierrot (4 – 24 mars 1802)” by Auguste Raffet [c. 1839], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.11 – Making Plans for Monroe



Year(s) Discussed: 1801-1803

As continued resistance in Saint-Domingue threatens French First Consul Napoléon Bonaparte’s plans to take control of Louisiana, President Jefferson works to keep tempers cool on the domestic front while turning to a trusted ally, James Monroe, to find a permanent solution to the New Orleans situation. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Image: “Engraved BEP portrait of U.S. President James Monroe,” courtesy of Wikipedia

Intro and Outro Music: Selections from “Jefferson and Liberty” as performed by The Itinerant Band


S001 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Ben of the Thugs and Miracles podcast, Emily and Kelley of the Wining About Herstory podcast, Dan, and Alex for their contributions to this episode!

  • Arnold, Peri E. “William Taft: Campaigns and Elections.” Miller Center, University of Virginia. https://millercenter.org/president/taft/campaigns-and-elections [Last Accessed: 8 Dec 2019]
  • Chase, James S. Emergence of the Presidential Nominating Convention 1789-1832. Urbana, IL; Chicago; and London: University of Illinois Press, 1973.
  • Gould, Lewis L. Grand Old Party: A History of the Republicans. New York: Random House, 2003.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Inaugural Address [4 Mar 1801].” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/201948. [Last Accessed: 15 Dec 2019]
  • Klar, Rebecca. “Hawaii GOP cancels presidential preference poll, commits delegates to Trump.” The Hill. 12 Dec 2019. https://thehill.com/homenews/campaign/474243-hawaii-gop-cancels-presidential-preference-poll-and-commits-delegates-to [Last Accessed: 4 Jan 2020]
  • Murray, Robert K. The 103rd Ballot: The Legendary 1924 Democratic Convention That Forever Changed Politics. New York: Harper & Row, 2016 [1976].
  • Pope, Michael. “A Look at How Presidential Candidates Get on Virginia’s Primary Ballot.” WVTF. 19 Dec 2019. https://www.wvtf.org/post/look-how-presidential-candidates-get-virginias-primary-ballot#stream/0 [Last Accessed: 4 Jan 2020]
  • Reagan, Ronald. “6 November 1984, Remarks at a Reelection Celebration in Los Angeles, California.” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/260741. Last Accessed: 15 Dec 2019.
  • Remini, Robert V. “Election of 1832.” History of American Presidential Elections 1789-1968, Volume I. Arthur M Schlesinger Jr, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishers and McGraw-Hill, 1971. pp. 495-574.
  • Stevenson, Adlai. “26 Jul 1952, Acceptance Speech at Democratic National Convention.” C-SPAN. https://www.c-span.org/video/?3392-1/adlai-stevenson-1952-acceptance-speech. [Last Accessed: 15 Dec 2019]
  • Taft, William Howard. “1 Aug 1912, Remarks Accepting the Presidential Nomination of the Republican Party.” Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/332424. [Last Accessed: 18 Dec 2019]
  • Tarr, David R, et al. Guide to U.S. Elections, Sixth Edition, Volume I. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2010.
  • Witcover, Jules. Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency 1972-1976. New York: Viking Press, 1977.

Featured Image: “Photo of John F. Kennedy arriving at the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles in 1960” [13 Jul 1960], courtesy of Wikipedia


S001 – A History of Primaries



Year(s) Discussed: 1816-1976

Did you know that presidential primaries in the United States are a rather modern innovation and that for a long time, presidential primary winners often didn’t end up as the party’s nominee? Learn how the primary system came to be what it is today, the varying impacts it has had on presidential campaigns since its inception, and why it took so long to play a key role in choosing presidential nominees. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Image: “For Auld Lang Syne” by Leonard Raven-Hill [May 1912], courtesy of Wikipedia