V001 – Sources Used



  • Bearfield, Domonic A. “What is Patronage? A Critical Reexamination.” Public Administration Review. 69:1 (Jan/Feb 2009) 64-76.
  • Bogle, Lori Lyn. “Pandering to the Crowd: The American Governing Elite’s Changing Views on Mass Media and Publicity.” Journalism History. 43:2 (Summer 2017) 62-74.
  • Lomask, Milton. Aaron Burr: The Years from Princeton to Vice President 1756-1805. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1979.
  • Morris, Edmund. The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt. New York: The Modern Library, 2001 [1979].
  • Neuzil, Mark. “Hearst, Roosevelt, and the Muckrake Speech of 1906: A New Perspective.” Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly. 73:1 (Spring 1996) 29-39.
  • Smith, Jean Edward. Grant. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001.
  • “The Case for Tammany Hall Being On The Right Side Of History.” Fresh Air. NPR, Philadelphia, 5 Mar 2014.

Other Recommended Sources:

  • Allen, Oliver E. The Tiger: The Rise and Fall of Tammany Hall. Da Capo Press, 1993.
  • Golway, Terry. Machine Made: Tammany Hall and the Creation of Modern American Politics. Liveright, 2004.
  • LaCerra, Charles. Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Tammany Hall of New York. University Press of America, 1997.

Images Used in Video:

  • “The Treaty of Penn with the Indians” by Benjamin West [c. 1771-1772], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • “George Clinton” by Ezra Ames [c. 1814], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • “Portrait of Aaron Burr, 1802” by John Vanderlyn [c. 1802], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • “Andrew Jackson” by Thomas Sully [c. 1824], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • “William Marcy “Boss” Tweed” [c. before 1873], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • “Tammany Hall & 14th St West, New York City” by Irving Underhill [c. 1914], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • “Interior view of Tammany Hall decorated for the National Convention July 4th, 1868” by W C Rogers & Co [c. 1868], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • “Samuel Jones Tilden” by Frank Fowler [c. 1866-1910], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • “Theodore Roosevelt” by Harris and Ewing [c. 1901-1908], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • “Portrait of Charles F Murphy” by Falk [c. prior to 1903], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • “Photograph of Al Smith” by Harris & Ewing [c. 1920s-1930s], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • “William Randolph Hearst” by James E Purdy [c. 1906], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • “Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1933” by Elias Goldensky [c. 1933], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • “F. H. LaGuardia” by Bain News Service [c. 1915-1920], courtesy of Wikipedia

Featured Image: “William Marcy ‘Boss’ Tweed”


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