3.30 – The Tide in Europe



Year(s) Discussed: 1804-1806

The Napoleonic Wars continue apace in Europe as Napoleon plots an invasion of Britain, and Admiral Horatio Nelson searches for the French fleet in the Mediterranean. As battles continue on land and sea across the continent, American diplomats in London, Paris, and Madrid continue their work. Meanwhile, the untimely death of a key leader opens up opportunities for the US to negotiate a treaty. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Image: “The Battle of Trafalgar” by J M W Turner [c. 1822-1824], courtesy of Wikipedia

Intro and Outro Music: Selections from “Jefferson and Liberty” as performed by The Itinerant Band


3.30 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Alex for providing the intro quote for this episode and to Andrew for his audio editing assistance!

  • Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1999 [1971].
  • Dangerfield, George. Chancellor Robert R. Livingston of New York, 1746-1813. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co, 1960.
  • Ehrman, John. The Younger Pitt Volume III: The Consuming Struggle. London: Constable & Co, 1996.
  • Esdaile, Charles. Napoleon’s Wars: An International History. New York: Penguin, 2009 [2007].
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Thomas Lomax, 11 January 1806,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2995. [Last Accessed: 5 Apr 2021]
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Leonard, Dick. A History of British Prime Ministers: Walpole to Cameron, Omnibus Edition. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015 [2014].
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President Second Term, 1805-1809: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Five. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1974.
  • Matthews, Marty D. Forgotten Founder: The Life and Times of Charles Pinckney. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2004.
  • McGrath, Tim. James Monroe: A Life. New York: Penguin Random House, 2020.
  • Monroe, James. “To Thomas Jefferson, 6 October 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2442. [Last Accessed: 4 May 2021]
  • Schom, Alan. Napoleon Bonaparte. New York: HarperCollins, 1998 [1997].

Featured Image: “La bataille d’Austerlitz. 2 decembre 1805″ by François Gérard [c. 1810], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.29 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Alycia from the Civics & Coffee podcast for providing the intro quote for this episode, and thanks so much to our audio editor, Andrew Pfannkuche, for his work on this episode!

  • Allgor, Catherine. A Perfect Union: Dolley Madison and the Creation of the American Nation. New York: Henry Holt & Co, 2006.
  • Ambrose, Stephen E. Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997 [1996].
  • Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1999 [1971].
  • Armstrong, Thom M. Politics, Diplomacy and Intrigue in the Early Republic: The Cabinet Career of Robert Smith 1801-1811. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co, 1991.
  • “Breckinridge, John, 1760-1806.” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. https://bioguide.congress.gov/search/bio/B000787. [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Crowninshield, Jacob. “To Thomas Jefferson, 27 March 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-1452. [Last Accessed: 28 Mar 2021]
  • “Dayton, Jonathan, 1760-1824.” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. https://bioguide.congress.gov/search/bio/D000165. [Last Accessed: 24 Mar 2021]
  • Einboden, Jeffrey. Jefferson’s Muslim Fugitives: The Lost Story of Enslaved Africans, Their Arabic Letters, and an American President. New York: Oxford University Press, 2020.
  • Gaines, William H, Jr. Thomas Mann Randolph: Jefferson’s Son-in-Law. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To United States Senate, 26 February 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-1237. [Last Accessed: 28 Mar 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To Albert Gallatin, 29 May 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-1800. [Last Accessed: 2 Apr 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To John Julius Pringle, 15 June 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-1906. [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “Notes on a Cabinet Meeting, 8 July 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2047. [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Jefferson, Thomas. “To John Breckinridge, 7 August 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2202. [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Kierner, Cynthia A. Martha Jefferson Randolph, Daughter of Monticello: Her Life and Times. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2012.
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Lewis, James E, Jr. The Burr Conspiracy: Uncovering the Story of an Early American Crisis. Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2017.
  • Lomask, Milton. Aaron Burr: The Conspiracy and Years of Exile, 1805-1836. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1982.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the President Second Term, 1805-1809: Jefferson and His Time, Volume Five. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1974.
  • Mason, John. “To Thomas Jefferson, 20 July 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2117. [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Matthews, Marty D. Forgotten Founder: The Life and Times of Charles Pinckney. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2004.
  • McGrath, Tim. James Monroe: A Life. New York: Penguin Random House, 2020.
  • Miles, Tiya. The Dawn of Detroit: A Chronicle of Slavery and Freedom in the City of the Straits. New York and London: The New Press, 2019 [2017].
  • Monroe, James. “To Thomas Jefferson, 1 November 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2559. [Last Accessed: 14 Mar 2021]
  • Monroe, James, and Charles Pinckney. “To James Madison, 25 May 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-09-02-0446. [Original source: The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, vol. 9, 1 February 1805–30 June 1805, ed. Mary A. Hackett, J. C. A. Stagg, Mary Parke Johnson, Anne Mandeville Colony, Angela Kreider, and Katherine E. Harbury. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2011, pp. 398–401.] [Last Accessed: 18 Mar 2021]
  • Pringle, John J. “To George Washington, 3 September 1792,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/05-11-02-0034. [Original source: The Papers of George Washington, Presidential Series, vol. 11, 16 August 1792 – 15 January 1793, ed. Christine Sternberg Patrick. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2002, p. 68.] [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Pringle, John Julius. “To Thomas Jefferson, 2 July 1805,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/99-01-02-2013. [Last Accessed: 30 Mar 2021]
  • Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire, 1767-1821.New York: Harper & Row, 1977.
  • Seale, William. The President’s House: A History, Volume One. Washington, DC: White House Historical Association, 1986.

Featured Images: “Margaret Bayard Smith” by Charles Bird King [c. 1829], courtesy of Wikipedia and “Hammouda Pacha, bey de Tunis” [c. 1800], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.29 – A Winter to Remember



Year(s) Discussed: 1804-1805

President Jefferson had much to celebrate in the latter half of 1805 as he finally secured a new Attorney General, envoys arrived from distant lands in the east and the west, and his daughter and her family joined him in the President’s House for the winter. Little did he know, though, that difficult negotiations in Madrid and the machinations of the former Vice President, Aaron Burr, would soon lead to difficulties for his administration. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Images: “Tchong-tas-sáb-bee, Black Dog, Second Chief” by George Catlin [c. 1834], courtesy of Wikipedia and “John Breckinridge” [c. 1891], courtesy of Wikipedia

Intro and Outro Music: Selections from “Jefferson and Liberty” as performed by The Itinerant Band


3.285 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Nora Hahn for providing the intro quote for this episode, and be sure to check out her performance in Mama’s Boy at the Stagework Theatre in Houston, TX, running from 9 April to 2 May 2021. Special thanks also to the audio editor for this episode, Andrew Pfannkuche.

  • Birle, Ann Lucas; and Lisa A Francavilla, eds. Thomas Jefferson’s Granddaughter in Queen Victoria’s England: The Travel Diary of Ellen Wayles Coolidge, 1838-1839. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 2011.
  • Gaines, William H, Jr. Thomas Mann Randolph: Jefferson’s Son-in-Law. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.
  • Gordon-Reed, Annette. The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family. New York and London: W W Norton & Co, 2008.
  • Kierner, Cynthia A. Martha Jefferson Randolph, Daughter of Monticello: Her Life and Times. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2012.
  • Kranish, Michael. Flight from Monticello: Thomas Jefferson at War. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
  • Kukla, Jon. Jefferson’s Women. New York: Vintage Books, 2008 [2007].
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson and the Rights of Man: Jefferson and His Time Volume Two. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Co, 1951.
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson the Virginian: Jefferson and His Time, Volume One. Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1948.
  • “RANDOLPH, Thomas Mann 1768 – 1828.” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. https://bioguide.congress.gov/search/bio/R000051. [Last Accessed: 3 Mar 2021]

Featured Image: “Abbaye de Penthemont, rue de Grenelle, Paris” by Eugène Atget [c. 1898], courtesy of Wikipedia


3.285 – The Two Marthas



Year(s) Discussed: 1748-1836

Studies of Thomas Jefferson’s life often discuss the impact of the two Marthas – his wife, Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, and his daughter, Martha Jefferson Randolph – on him, but few studies examine matters with the focus on the lives of the two women. While our knowledge of Martha Jefferson is limited, in this episode, we sift through the fragments of what we know about her before shifting to her daughter, Martha Jefferson Randolph. In addition to the narrative, part of the episode features an interview with a special guest, Dr. Cynthia A. Kierner, whose biography of Martha is an invaluable resource for learning more about a person who was educated in Paris and mingled with presidents and political leaders but is far too often relegated to the background of history. Her life has much to tell us about the role of women and families in the early republic as well as in US presidential history. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Images: “Martha Jefferson Randolph” by Thomas Sully, courtesy of Wikipedia, and “Silhouette of Martha Jefferson,” courtesy of Wikipedia

Transition Intro and Outro Music: Samples from “Bread,” prod. by LuKremBo


3.28 – Source Notes



Special thanks to Anthony of Disastrous History for providing the intro quote for this episode!

  • Brighton, Ray. The Checkered Career of Tobias Lear. Portsmouth, NH: Portsmouth Marine Society, 1985.
  • Eicher, Peter D. Raising the Flag: America’s First Envoys in Faraway Lands. Lincoln, NE: Potomac Books, 2018.
  • Lambert, Frank. The Barbary Wars: American Independence in the Atlantic World. New York: Hill and Wang, 2007 [2005].
  • Landry, Jerry. The Presidencies of the United States. 2017-2021. http://presidencies.blubrry.com.
  • McKee, Christopher. Edward Preble: A Naval Biography, 1761-1807. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996 [1972].
  • Zacks, Richard. The Pirate Coast: Thomas Jefferson, the First Marines, and the Secret Mission of 1805. New York: Hyperion, 2005.

Featured Image: “First Lieutenant Presley O’Bannon,” courtesy of Wikipedia

 


3.28 – The Calming Seas



Year(s) Discussed: 1803-1805

With the war with Tripoli continuing to drag on year after year, Jefferson and his administration had to determine whether the best course to bring it to a conclusion lay with opening up a new front by partnering with foreign agents or through engaging in a new round of diplomacy. Meanwhile, a change in the command of the US naval squadron in the Mediterranean took the wind out of the sails of what had been an energetic force. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://presidencies.blubrry.com.

Featured Image: “Attack on Derna” by Charles Waterhouse, courtesy of Wikipedia

Intro and Outro Music: Selections from “Jefferson and Liberty” as performed by The Itinerant Band


Intelligent Speech Conference 2021



I’m excited to share that I will be presenting at the Intelligent Speech Conference on Saturday, April 24th, 2021! If you would like to attend, please take a moment to listen to this quick trailer for more information, go to www.intelligentspeechconference.com, and use the promo code “presi” to get 10% off your ticket to 24 hours of content available on 4 simultaneous streams. It should be a great experience, so I hope you’ll join us!